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Gemini Remote Access to CFHT ESPaDOnS Spectrograph (GRACES) is the result of a cooperation between the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), Gemini, and NRC-Herzberg (Canada). It combines the large collecting area of the Gemini North telescope with the high resolving power and high efficiency of the ESPaDOnS spectrograph at CFHT, to deliver high resolution spectroscopy across the optical region. This is achieved through a 270 m fiber optics feed from the Gemini North telescope to ESPaDOnS. The on-sky size of the fiber is 1.2 arcsec.
GRACES achieves a maximum resolution power of R ~ 67,500 between 400 and 1,000 nm, with throughput redward of 600 nm comparable to those of currently available high-resolution spectrographs in 8-10 m class telescopes. The Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph (GMOS-N) holds the fiber injector on the Gemini side, and is used for acquiring targets. The GMOS-N On-Instrument Wave Front Sensor (OIWFS) is used for guiding, but the Peripheral WFSs could also be chosen under certain circumstances. On the other end of the fiber, GRACES uses its own slicer bench inside of ESPaDOnS before the light is sent inside the CFHT's echelle spectrograph. For more information about ESPaDOnS, please visit this page at CFHT.
The Instrument Scientist for GRACES is André-Nicolas Chené. Gemini staff who also supports GRACES include Percy Gomez and Michael Lundquist. The CFHT contact for GRACES is Lison Malo.
GRACES is offered as a "Visitor Instrument". This means it is scheduled in ~10 night blocks, twice a semester. For more details, see GRACES Status and Availability.
!!!WARNING!!! The ITC is based on GRACES phase I results. In its current status, GRACES has significantly higher sensitivity (expected improvement of ~20 % in the red part of the spectrum). It therefore represents a very conservative estimate of the present performance. They will be updated soon, but will need to be used for early proposers in the meantime.
Mar 31, 2016: GRACES is made available in the 2016B call for proposals.
Jul 21, 2015: FIRST SCIENCE OBSERVATION PUBLICALLY AVAILABLE. A series of science targets were obseved to test GRACES on-sky before the 2015B semester. The data can be downloaded HERE (with associate calibration frames).
GRACES science highlights
First GRACES papers:
- KIC 9821622: An interesting lithium-rich giant in the Kepler field. Jofré et al. (2015, A&A, 584L, 3)
- GRACES observations of young [α/Fe]-rich stars. Young et al. (2016, MNRAS.tmp, 463)
How to use these pages
The GRACES pages are organized as follows.
- Status and Availability: Time windows when GRACES will be available in the semester.
- Spectroscopy: Characteristics of GRACES modes, camera configurations, filters, and guidelines on how best to use the instrument.
- Polarimetry: This mode is not available at the moment, but may become possible in the future.
- Exposure time estimation and Overheads: Integration time estimation and details of observing overheads.
- Throughput and sensitivity: Throughput and sensitivity tables.
- Guiding Options: Guiding considerations, and wavefront sensors available for use with GRACES.
- Calibration: Info on GCAL flats and arcs, standard stars, and baseline calibrations.
- Observation Preparation: How to configure GRACES in the Observing Tool.
- Data Format and Reduction: Examples of GRACES data and links to data reduction resources.
- Basic design: Overall design of GRACES, including the slicer bench sitting inside the ESPaDOnS spectrograph, the fiber injectors inside GMOS and the path of the optical fibers.
- Documents: GRACES optical layout; design documents and references.
CFHT and Gemini domes next to each other on the Mauna Kea summit (credits Joy Pollard, Gemini/Aura).